Lifesaving Covid-19 Survival Tips
Working Draft - November 20, 2020
The U.S. leads the world with 11.3 million confirmed coronavirus cases and nearly 250,000 deaths, followed by India, Brazil, Russia, and France. At least 20 states have broken new records for COVID-related hospitalizations. South Dakota currently has the highest death rate in the world. Two promising Covid-19 vaccines may be coming soon, but are still months away from widespread distribution. https://www.democracynow.org/2020/11/18/headlines
In cities across the US, strict restrictions are being re-imposed to counter the alarming rise in new cases. With a long winter ahead, it is urgently necessary for Americans to bear down and continue wearing masks and avoid taking part in large indoor gatherings, that are rapidly increasing the number of infections. https://www.cnn.com/interactive/2020/health/coronavirus-maps-and-cases/
People are suffering from isolation, loss of jobs, business, and income, desperately in need of Congress to pass a new Covid Relief Package! The widespread death is real - It is on the horizon for all of us, if we do not dig down and do more. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/covid-19-cases-are-rise-all-50-states-nbc-news-n1248006
Stay Home - Social Distance - Don't Go Near Large Crowds -
Wear Face Coverings -
Really Take Responsibility For The Lives Of Your Family And Friends!
Planning Your Holidays During the Covid-19 Pandemic https://directorsblog.nih.gov/tag/social-distancing/
Stay home this year so you can celebrate the holidays next year
Record high numbers of people are hospitalized with Covid-19 as more states roll out restrictions to slow the spread of the virus ahead of the holiday season, with some officials urging Americans to cancel their Thanksgiving plans and stay at home.
National leadership has left Governors responsible to make swift decisions to close schools and businesses, limit gathering sizes and mandate mask-wearing
US Hospital ICUs Filling Up After Another Record-Breaking Day of COVID Infections
Covid-19 exposure and symptoms
Respiratory infections are among the most common diseases that affect humans. Viral respiratory illnesses typically spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes, spraying germs into the air that land on surfaces. If you breathe in the respiratory droplets, or touch surfaces and then touch your face, the virus can enter your body and infect you.
How Respiratory Illnesses Harm the Body
Life cycle of a Coronavirus: How Respiratory Illnesses Harm the Body
COVID-19 can move from the upper to lower respiratory tract
These illnesses can range from mild colds to serious lower respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia. In some patients, moderate upper respiratory infections can progress into serious lower respiratory infections within a few weeks. Patients whose symptoms began with a mild cough may develop respiratory failure, needing ventilator support to breathe. The disease is more likely to cause symptoms in older adults and those with underlying health conditions. Most people who develop symptoms of COVID-19 experience:
Symptoms: Sore throat, cough, shortness of breath, fever, headache, fatigue.
Treatment: Options generally include symptom management because antibiotics don't work against viruses. The doctor might suggest drinking plenty of fluids, resting, and taking over-the-counter medication to lower fevers and manage body aches, as well as decongestants for sinus trouble.
Duration: Patients with upper respiratory infections typically feel sick for a week or two.
In most patients, the body’s immune system kicks in to fight the virus and contain it in the upper respiratory tract. It creates antibodies, which bind to the virus so it can't replicate, as well as T-cells, which attempt to destroy the virus. About 80% of people who are infected with COVID-19 have mild to moderate symptoms and recover without needing hospitalization or treatment by a specialist, according to the World Health Organization.
But if a patient has a weak immune system, or an especially aggressive infection, the virus can invade the lower respiratory tract and affect the lungs. These infections are typically more serious because they interfere with our ability to breathe.
How Covid-19 Kills
When coronavirus kills, it’s like death by drowning
Doctors disagree on best treatment — Patients struggle to breathe
Ventilators may not always help
Lower respiratory infection
If the virus progresses beyond the upper respiratory tract, it can begin to cause inflammation on our bronchial trees – the passages that conduct air between the lungs and the outside world.
In these cases, the virus targets the lung cells that make mucus, as well as those that have tiny hairs called cilia. Mucus protects lung tissue and keeps the lungs from drying out, while the cilia move the mucus and clear out debris such as pollen or viruses. Inflammation irritates the nerves in the lining of the bronchial trees, increasing sensitivity to even a tiny speck of dust.
To fight the virus, the immune system may go into overdrive, setting off an inflammatory response that fills up the air sacs in the lungs. Unfortunately, this response can render the cells unable to clear out debris and fluid. When the patient's airways become inflamed, pneumonia can set in.
Symptoms: Severe cough that produces mucus, shortness of breath, tightness in the chest, and wheezing upon exhalation. In severe cases, the lips may appear blue due to low oxygen levels.
HOW VENTILATORS WORK
The breathing tube is connected directly to the windpipe through a hole. Surgery is needed to make a small hole in the neck. This is called a tracheostomy. The ventilator uses pressure to blow oxygenated air into your lungs. https://www.healthline.com/health/ventilator#what-to-expect
Treating Coronavirus At Home
Treating Coronavirus At Home
Treatment options may include breathing treatments such as an:
Gargling salt water could kill off coronavirus, according to virologists at Edinburgh University.
A humidifier or hot shower may ease chest discomfort and help you breathe.
Hot or warm showers BTW are another way to breathe in a lot of steamy water vapors. ...
Inhaler or nebulizer
Medication, as well as antibiotics if bacteria - in addition to - the virus are involved.
Duration: Mild to moderate lower respiratory infections typically resolve within two weeks.
If too much of the lung is damaged, the rest of the body doesn’t get enough oxygen, which can lead to organ failure. In these severe cases, a patient may need ventilator support to breathe.
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What type of treatment is available for for COVID-19?
There currently isn’t a vaccine for COVID-19. Antibiotics are ineffective because COVID-19 is a viral infection and not bacterial. If your symptoms are more severe, supportive treatments may be given by your doctor or at a hospital. This type of treatment may involve:
fluids to reduce the risk of dehydration
medication to reduce a fever
supplemental oxygen in more severe cases
People who have a hard time breathing on their own due to COVID-19 may need a respirator.
Nurses Report Dangerous Working Conditions Persist as U.S. Heads into Flu Season
Oh no! If you're having a sore throat, congestion, or breathing problems, the first thing to do is break out a snifter or wine glass and your finest liquor. I highly recommend B&B - Benedictine & Brandy - available at local grocer and / or liquor stores, but any fine spirit with a high ethanol content will serve. Recall that ethanol is the active ingredient in hand sanitizers!
This is best breathed in while sipping and swallowing, following swallows with inhaling by mouth the alcohol vapors into the lungs - like smoking a joint, holding in for a few moments. You will feel the viruses giving up the ghost throughout your entire head throat and chest's respiratory system!
To break up congestion in the respiratory system, once it has a foothold, a humidifier is the time-tested home remedy, that Walgreens or other pharmacies hopefully still have a nice selection of - they seem to be running a little low of late. Humidifiers are also available to order online. Most effective looking to me is the Vicks Sinus Steam Vapor Inhaler - much like the medicinal inhalers for asthma - but with pure water - check out search online how well humidifiers are recognized for breaking up congestion.
Hot or warm showers are another way to breathe in a lot of steamy water vapors. ...
A low grade fever is actually a good sign that your body is fighting the virus as it should, but if it gets too high, jump in a cool tub or shower to lower your body temperature, fast.
A fingertip full of table salt at the back of the throat is another great germ killer for maintenance throughout the day, like ethanol, without the delicious but inebriating side effects. Just place it at the back of your throat and let it slowly dissolve with saliva, you will feel it killing the germs.
Ventilators Are No Panacea For Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients
Ventilators have been seen as critical to treating coronavirus patients because the devices are very successful when used to treat common forms of pneumonia.
"It's very concerning to see how many patients who require ventilation do not make it out of the hospital," says Dr. Tiffany Osborn, a critical care specialist at Washington University in St. Louis who has been caring for coronavirus patients at Barnes-Jewish Hospital.
A large study looking at mortality among coronavirus patients on ventilators was done by the Intensive Care National Audit & Research Centre in London. It found that among 98 ventilated patients in the U.K., just 33 were discharged alive.
Patients need a ventilator when their lungs can no longer deliver enough oxygen to keep the body going. It is an extreme measure. "We give sedation so the person goes to sleep. Then we provide a paralytic that stops their breathing," Osborn said.
Next, a long plastic tube is inserted through the trachea and vocal cords. That allows a machine to deliver small puffs of highly oxygenated air to the lungs. Unfortunately, the ventilator itself can do damage to the lung tissue based on how much pressure is required to help oxygen get processed by the lungs. Coronavirus patients often need dangerously high levels of both pressure and oxygen because their lungs have so much inflammation.
Another risk from being on a ventilator is that the tube carrying air and extra oxygen to the lungs provides a pathway for dangerous germs. Many ventilated patients get a new lung infection, a problem known as ventilator-associated pneumonia.